Groups 1, 2, and 3 consumed 1, 3, or 6 g of cinnamon daily, respectively, and groups 4, 5, and 6 were diabetes and dental disesases placebo capsules corresponding to the number of capsules consumed for the three levels of cinnamon.
The cinnamon was consumed for 40 days followed by a day washout period. Changes in HDL cholesterol were not significant.
CONCLUSIONS The results of this study demonstrate that intake of 1, 3, or 6 g of cinnamon per day reduces serum glucose, triglyceride, LDL cholesterol, and total cholesterol in people with type 2 diabetes and suggest that the inclusion of cinnamon in the diet of people with type 2 diabetes will reduce risk factors associated with diabetes and cardiovascular diseases.
The incidence of cardiovascular diseases diabetes and dairy increased two- to fourfold in people with type 2 diabetes 1. Although the causes of type 2 diabetes and cardiovascular diseases are multifactorial, diet definitely plays a role in the incidence and severity of these diseases.
The dietary components beneficial in the prevention and treatment of these diseases have not been clearly defined, but it is postulated that spices may play a role.
Spices such as cinnamon, cloves, bay leaves, diabetes and cinnimon, and turmeric display insulin-enhancing activity diabetes and cinnimon vitro 23. Botanical products can improve glucose metabolism and the overall condition of individuals with diabetes not only by hypoglycemic effects but also by improving lipid metabolism, antioxidant status, and capillary function 4. Rashwan 6 reported that supplementation of the diet of rabbits with fenugreek decreased total serum lipid level.
In rats, curry leaf and mustard seeds decreased total serum cholesterol, LDL cholesterol, and VLDL cholesterol and increased HDL cholesterol levels 7 and reduced atenolol and blood sugar, triglycerides, and phospholipids in aorta, liver, and heart 8, diabetes and cinnimon. Aqueous extracts from cinnamon have been shown to increase in vitro glucose uptake and glycogen synthesis and to increase phosphorylation of the insulin receptor; in addition, these alli and cholesterol extracts are likely to aid in triggering the insulin cascade system 11 Because insulin also plays a key role in lipid metabolism, we postulated that consumption of cinnamon would lead to improved glucose and blood lipids in vivo.
Therefore, this study was designed to determine whether there is a dose response of cinnamon diabetes and cinnimon clinical variables associated with diabetes and cardiovascular diseases in people with type 2 diabetes. Selection criteria for the diabetes and cinnimon included the following for people diabetes and cinnimon type 2 diabetes: A total of 60 individuals with type 2 diabetes, 30 men and 30 women, were selected for the study.
The mean age of the subjects was The duration of diabetes was also similar: There was also an equal number of men and women in the placebo and cinnamon groups. All subjects were taking sulfonylurea drugs, i.
Cinnamon and wheat flour were ground finely and put into capsules Mehran Traders Pharmaceutical Suppliers, Peshawar, Pakistan. Each capsule contained either mg of cinnamon or wheat flour. Both the cinnamon and placebo capsules were packaged in plastic bags containing 40 capsules 1 g or two capsules per day for 20 dayscapsules 3 g or six capsules per day for 20 daysor capsules 6 g or 12 capsules per day for 20 days and prepared for distribution to the subjects.
When subjects finished testing after the first 20 days, they were given the second package of capsules. Compliance was monitored by capsule count and contact with the subjects.
Compliance was considered excellent and all capsules were consumed. The study was conducted for 60 days with 60 individuals with type 2 diabetes divided randomly diabetes and cinnimon six equal diabetes and cinnimon. Group 1 consumed two mg capsules of cinnamon per day, group 2 consumed six capsules of cinnamon per day, and diabetes and cinnimon 3 consumed 12 capsules of cinnamon per day.
Groups 4, 5, and 6 were assigned to respective placebo groups, diabetes and cinnimon, which consumed a corresponding number of capsules containing wheat flour. Subjects consumed their normal diets diabetes and cinnimon continued their medications throughout the study. From days 41 to 60, no cinnamon or placebo was given. The 1-g dose of cinnamon and placebo was spread over the day as 0. The 3-g and 6-g doses of cinnamon and placebo were spread over the day as 1 g two capsules and 2 g four capsules after breakfast, lunch, and dinner, respectively.
The subjects were instructed to take the capsules immediately after meals. Blood samples were transferred to sterilized centrifuge tubes and allowed to clot at room temperature.
The blood samples were centrifuged for 10 min in a tabletop clinical centrifuge at 4, diabetes and cinnimon, rpm for serum separation. Triglyceride levels were determined by the enzymatic colorimetric method of Werner et al.
Cholesterol levels were determined by enzymatic colorimetric method of Allain et al. Centrifugation left only the HDL in the supernatant LDL cholesterol was calculated by dividing the triglycerides by 5 and subtracting the HDL cholesterol The addition of 1, 3, or 6 g of cinnamon to the diabetes and cinnimon led to significant decreases in serum glucose levels after 40 days.
Values after 20 days were significantly lower only in the group receiving 6 g of cinnamon Table 1. At the levels tested, there was no evidence of a dose response because the response to all three levels of cinnamon was similar. After the subjects no longer consumed the cinnamon for 20 days, glucose levels were significantly lower only in the group consuming the lowest level of cinnamon.
Glucose values in the three placebo groups were not significantly different at any of the time points. The consumption of cinnamon also led to a time-dependent decrease in serum triglyceride levels at all amounts of cinnamon tested after 40 days Table 2. Values after 20 days were significantly lower only in the group consuming 6 g of cinnamon per day, diabetes and cinnimon. The mean fasting serum triglyceride levels of the subjects who consumed 1 g or 3 g of cinnamon per day for 40 days followed by 20 days of not consuming cinnamon were still significantly lower than the mean fasting serum triglyceride levels of the same groups at the beginning of the study.
Decreases in the 6-g group were no longer significant. There were no changes in triglyceride levels in any of the three placebo groups Table 2. There were also significant decreases in serum cholesterol levels in all three claritin and hives consuming cinnamon, and no changes were noted in diabetes and cinnimon respective placebo groups Table 3, diabetes and cinnimon.
Decreases were significant after 20 days, and values were similar after 40 days, diabetes and cinnimon, except in the group consuming 3 g per day, which continued to decrease. Decreases in the 1-g group were not significant after 40 days but continued to decline during the washout period and were significant after 60 diabetes and cinnimon Table 4last column.
There were nonsignificant changes in HDL in the subjects consuming 1 or 6 g of cinnamon for 40 days. Decreases in the 3-g group were significant after 20 days. These values remained relatively unchanged after the day washout period. This study demonstrates effects of low levels 16 g per day of cinnamon on the reduction of glucose, triglyceride, LDL cholesterol, and total cholesterol levels diabetes and cinnimon subjects with type 2 diabetes. The study design serves to replicate the results because there were similar effects at the three doses tested.
It is can aleve and tylenol be mixed clear whether even less than 1 g of cinnamon per day would also be beneficial.
The data are also reinforced by the observation that there were no significant changes in any of the placebo groups. The mechanism of the effects of cinnamon on glucose and blood lipids must be determined.
Symptoms of insulin resistance include decreased stimulation of muscle glycogen synthesis as well as defects in glycogen synthase activity and glucose uptake Maximal phosphorylation of the insulin receptor is associated with increased insulin sensitivity, which is associated with improved glucose and lipid levels. Extracts of cinnamon also activated insulin receptor kinase and inhibited dephosphorylation of the insulin receptor, leading to maximal phosphorylation of the insulin receptor All of these effects would lead to increased insulin sensitivity.
We have shown that extracts of cinnamon also function as potent antioxidants, which would lead to diabetes and cinnimon health benefits of this substance unpublished data. Dhuley 22 showed that cinnamon displays antioxidant activity in rats fed a high-fat diet. The maintenance of lower serum glucose and lipid levels, even when the individuals were not consuming cinnamon for 20 days, diabetes and cinnimon, denotes sustained effects of cinnamon, indicating that cinnamon would not need to be consumed every day.
In conclusion, cinnamon reduced serum glucose, triglyceride, total cholesterol, and LDL cholesterol levels in people with type 2 diabetes.
Because cinnamon arthritis remedies for dogs and humans not contribute to caloric intake, those who have type 2 diabetes or those who have elevated glucose, triglyceride, LDL cholesterol, or total cholesterol levels may benefit from the regular inclusion of cinnamon in their daily diet. In addition, cinnamon may be beneficial for the remainder of the population to prevent and control elevated glucose and blood lipid levels.
Effects of cinnamon on glucose levels in people with type 2 diabetes. Effects of cinnamon on triglyceride levels in people with type 2 diabetes.
Effects of cinnamon on cholesterol levels in people with type 2 diabetes. We only request your email address so that the person you are recommending the page to knows that you wanted them to see it, and that it is not junk mail. We do not capture any cipro and c difficile address, diabetes and cinnimon.
Skip to main content. Diabetes Care Dec; 26 View inline View popup. Table 1 Effects of cinnamon on glucose levels in people with type 2 diabetes. Table 2 Effects of cinnamon on triglyceride levels in people with type 2 diabetes, diabetes and cinnimon.
Table 3 Effects of cinnamon on cholesterol levels in people with diabetes and cinnimon 2 diabetes. Table 4 Effects of cinnamon on LDL levels in people with type 2 diabetes. Accepted August 22, Received June 30, Current concepts of cardiovascular diseases in diabetes mellitus, diabetes and cinnimon.
Int J Cardiol Insulin potentiating factor and chromium content of selected foods and spices. Bio Trace Element Res Insulin-like biological activity of culinary and medicinal plant aqueous extracts in vitro. J Agric Food Chem Bailey CJ, Day C: Traditional plant medicines as treatments for diabetes. Shapiro K, Gong WC: Natural products used for diabetes. J Am Pharm Assoc Effects diabetes and cinnimon dietary additions of anise, fenugreek and caraway on reproductive and productive performance of New Zealand White rabbit does.
Egypt J Rabbit Sci 8: Biochemical response in rats to the addition of curry leaf Murraya koenigii and mustard seeds Brassica juncea to the diet.