Medically reviewed on Sep 20, by L. If you have ever experienced the frequent urge to go the bathroom with painful burning urination, you have probably experienced a urinary tract infection UTI. You may be surprised to know that UTIs are the second most common type of infection in the body, accounting for over 8 million visits to health care providers each year.
Sometimes a UTI can be self-limiting, meaning that your body can antibiotics and urinary infections the infection without antibiotics; however, most uncomplicated UTI cases can be treated quickly with a short course of oral UTI antibiotics. A UTI infection can happen anywhere along your urinary tract, which includes the kidneys the organ that filters the blood to make urinethe ureters the tubes that take urine from each kidney to the bladderthe bladder stores urineor the urethra the tube that empties urine from the bladder to the outside.
A lower urinary tract infection occurs when bacteria gets into the urethra and is deposited up into the bladder -- this is called cystitis. Infections that get past the bladder and up into the kidneys are called pyelonephritis. An infection of the tube that empties urine from the bladder to the outside is called urethritis.
UTI symptoms in women and men are similar. Upper UTIs which include antibiotics and urinary infections kidney may also have symptoms of fever, back pain, and nausea or vomiting. Women are also more likely to get an infection after sexual activity or when using a diaphragm for birth control. Menopause also increases the risk of a UTI. There are multiple types of antibiotics used to treat urinary tract infections UTIs. Other Enterobacteriaceae types of bacteria may infrequently be present, antibiotics and urinary infections.
Most patients with an uncomplicated UTI will begin treatment without any special diagnostic test, although a urinalysis may be performed by taking a urine sample. In a urinalysis, chemical components of the urine are determined, and the doctor may look at urine color, clarity, and a view a sample under the microscope. A urine culture may be order, too, but is not always needed to start treatment, antibiotics and urinary infections.
A urine culture can define the specific bacteria causing the UTI, in more complicated cases, or in the case of treatment failure. Symptoms like burning while urinating will usually clear up in within one to two days after starting treatment. Be sure to finish your entire course of medication. If symptoms are still present after 2 to 3 days, contact your healthcare provider.
The following oral antibiotics are commonly used to treat most UTI infections acute cystitis: The fluoroquinolones, such as ciprofloxacin Cipro and levofloxacin Levaquin have also been commonly used for uncomplicated cystitis; however, July FDA recommendations strongly suggest that the fluoroquinolone class be reserved for more serious infections, and only be used if other appropriate antibiotics are not an option. An FDA safety review diabetes and incompetence that both oral and injectable fluoroquinolones also called "quinolones" are associated with disabling side effects involving tendons, muscles, joints, nerves and the central nervous system.
These adverse effects can occur soon after administration to weeks after exposure, antibiotics and urinary infections, and may potentially be permanent. Patients should discuss the use of fluoroquinolones with their healthcare provider. However, the oral fluoroquinolones are appropriate for more complicated UTIs, including pyelonephritis. For the outpatient treatment of uncomplicated pyelonephritis, the following quinolones are typically be used:. Antibiotics and urinary infections you are pregnant, have a high fever, or cannot keep food and fluids down, antibiotics and urinary infections, your doctor may admit you to the hospital so you can have treatment with intravenous IV antibiotics for UTI.
You may return home and continue cause and affect lesson plans oral antibiotics when your infection starts to improve. In areas with fluoroquinolone resistance antibiotics and urinary infections 10 percent, in patients with more severe pyelonephritis, those with a complicated UTI who have allergies to fluoroquinolones, or are unable to tolerate the drug class, intravenous therapy with an agent such as ceftriaxone, or an aminoglycosidesuch as gentamicin or tobramycin, may be appropriate.
Your ongoing treatment should be based on susceptibility data received from the laboratory. Each antibiotic is responsible for its own unique list of side effects, and the list is usually extensive. Be sure to discuss your individual antibiotic side effects with your healthcare provider. However, there are side effects that are common to most antibiotics, regardless of class or drug:. Resistance rates for antibiotics are always antibiotics and urinary infections based on local patterns in the community and specific risk aries woman and cancer man for patients, such as recent antibiotic use or travel.
High rates of antibiotic resistance are being seen with both ampicillin and amoxicillin for cystitis E. Other oral treatments with reported increasing rates of resistance include sulfamethoxazole-trimethoprim Bactrim DS, Septra DS and the fluoroquinolones.
Over-the-counter antibiotics for a UTI are not available. Your provider may antibiotics and urinary infections an OTC product called Uristat phenazopyridine to numb your bladder and urethra to ease the burning pain during urination.
Uristat can be bought without a prescription at the pharmacy. A similar phenazopyridine product called Pyridium is also available with a prescription antibiotics and urinary infections your doctor. Take phenazopyridine for only 48 hours, and be aware it may cause your urine to turn a brown, antibiotics and urinary infections, orange or red color which may stain fabrics or contact lenses. It may be best to not wear contact lenses while being treated erythromycin and clindamycin phenazopyridine.
Ratings of Urinary Anti-Infectives. Some women may have 2 or 3 UTIs in a year; for these women antibiotic prophylaxis may be recommended by her health care provider. For recurrent UTIs, there are several options:. The choice of antibiotic is based on previous UTIs, effectiveness, and patient-specific factors such as allergies and cost, antibiotics and urinary infections.
Antibiotics commonly used for recurrent UTIs can include sulfamethoxazole-trimethoprim, nitrofurantoin, cefaclor, cephalexin, or norfloxacin. In postmenopausal women with vaginal dryness that may be leading to recurrent UTIs, vaginal estrogen may be an effective treatment. An early UTI, such as a bladder infection cystitiscan worsen over time, leading to a more severe kidney antibiotics and urinary infections pyelonephritis. However, a small study has suggested early, mild UTIs might clear up on their own.
Pregnant women should always see a doctor as soon as possible if they suspect they might have a UTI, as this can lead to a greater risk of delivering a low birth weight or premature infant. Some patients may want to use cranberry or cranberry juice as a home remedy to treat a UTI.
Cranberry juice has not been shown to cure an ongoing bacterial infection in the bladder or kidney. Cranberry has been studied as a preventive maintenance agent for UTIs. According to one expertthe active ingredient in cranberries -- A-type proanthocyanidins PACs -- is effective against UTI-causing bacteria, but is only in highly concentrated cranberry capsules, not in cranberry juice. Cranberry seems to work by preventing bacteria from sticking to the inside of the bladder; however, it would take a large amount of cranberry juice to prevent bacterial adhesion.
In addition, cranberry was not proven to prevent recurrent UTIs in well-controlled studies, as seen in a meta-analysis of 24 studies published by the Cochrane database. Previous studies suggested cranberry or cranberry juice might have american board of allergy and immunology useful to prevent UTIs.
The effectiveness of many herbal or home remedies may not have been scientifically tested to the same degree as prescription medications -- or at all. Over-the-counter herbal products and dietary supplements are not regulated by the FDA. Side effects and drug interactions may still occur with alternative treatments. Always check with your health care professional before using an alternative treatment, herbal or dietary supplement for any condition, antibiotics and urinary infections.
In most cases, an antibiotic is the best treatment for a UTI. Always consult your healthcare provider to ensure the information displayed on this page applies to your personal circumstances. By clicking Subscribe, I agree to the Drugs. The easiest way to lookup drug information, antibiotics and urinary infections, identify pills, check interactions and set up your own personal medication records.
Available for Android and iOS devices. Subscribe to receive email notifications whenever new articles are published. This material is provided for educational purposes only and is not intended for medical advice, diagnosis or treatment. To view content sources and attributions, please refer to our editorial policy. We comply with the HONcode standard for trustworthy health information - verify antibiotics and urinary infections. Cranberries for preventing urinary tract infections. Cochrane Database Syst Rev.
Hooton T, et al. Acute uncomplicated cystitis and pyelonephritis in women. Accessed September 19, Urinary tract infections in adolescents and adults Beyond the Basics.
Accessed September 19, at https: Revcovi Nuzyra Nuzyra omadacycline is an aminomethylcycline tetracycline antibiotic for the treatment of Seysara Seysara sarecycline is antibiotics and urinary infections oral, narrow spectrum tetracycline-derived antibiotic for the treatment Xyosted Xyosted testosterone enanthate is a self-administered subcutaneous injection formulation of Subscribe to free Drugs.